Ethno/Graphic Glass: Blended Approaches in the Creation of the Liverpool Map

By Jeffrey Sarmiento and Inge Panneels.

Published by The International Journal of the Arts in Society: Annual Review

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Sponsored by Open Culture UK, The Liverpool Map is a permanent public sculpture for the new Museum of Liverpool. It explores the geographical, historical and multicultural boundaries of the city. This collaborative project is a concept for a ‘multi-layered glass monolith’ that was equally a literal map and a visual narrative of Liverpool. The ‘ethno/graphic’ method blends approaches inspired by ethnography for a concept development with innovative methods for fabricating a large-scale glass sculpture. The work invited the participation of the people of Merseyside in its development through web-based surveys and an event that collected their handwritten contributions to a printed ‘community layer’ within the map. The work was realized using unique fabrication methods on a large-scale kiln-formed glass sculpture. Printed layers of transparent glass reveal different interpretations of a map through the montage of images and text, overlaid with precision cut contours of streets and bodies of water. Fused into six 100-kilo standing glass blocks, imagery can be seen from both sides. The sculpture was then created over a two-year period of technical development, prototyping, and fabrication.

Keywords: Ethnography, Glass Art, Public Art, Glass, Print, Waterjet, Screenprinting, Mapping

The International Journal of the Arts in Society: Annual Review, Volume 7, pp.13-27. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 8.986MB).

Jeffrey Sarmiento

Research Councils UK Academic Fellow, National Glass Centre, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, UK

Jeffrey Sarmiento is the Research Councils UK Academic Fellow in Glass at the University of Sunderland. A Filipino-American artist, his work is concerned with aspects of ethnicity, explored in various cultural contexts. Cultural identity is expressed through layers of printed images embedded in glass sculptures. A specialist in glassmaking techniques, he has been a finalist for the Bombay Sapphire Prize and a winner of a Fulbright Grant to Denmark. His work is in the collections of Glasmuseet Ebeltoft, the Speed Museum of Art, Sunderland Museum, and the Museum of Liverpool.

Inge Panneels

Senior Lecturer in Architectural Glass, National Glass Centre, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, UK

Inge Panneels is a Belgian artist and academic, living in the UK. Her work has been commissioned by the Museum of Liverpool, the National Health Service, Lloyds TSB, Scottish Executive and British Telecom and can be found in the collections of Ebeltoft Glass Museum and Dexia. Inge Panneels is a Senior Lecturer at the National Glass Centre at the University of Sunderland, whose current collaborative research is informed by mapping, as a tool to visualise the intangible. Inge Panneels is also an advocate and peer of professional development in the applied arts sector in the UK.