Identification of the Malay Vernacular Spatial Features within Malay Vernacular Houses

By AmirHosein GhaffarianHoseini, Mohd Nasir Baharuddin and Rahinah Ibrahim.

Published by The Arts Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Contemporarily, the quality of residential functional spaces has been mostly based on style and modernity rather than the tradition of that particular regional context. With the rapid modernization of Malaysia, the kampong house (Malay vernacular houses) and other pre-existing vernaculars have been replaced by modern architecture. Moreover, the consideration of vernacular architectural factors during the modern design process has been decreased. Accordingly, various aspects of kampong, which identified it as a major vernacular value, have been lost inside contemporary functional spaces. Therefore, the neglected fundamental features of functional spaces during the design process are thought to be these vernacular functional spatial features. In this research, a qualitative case study research method will be utilized to study those vernacular architectural features of Malaysian vernacular houses. The study is limited to studying the spatial characteristics of functions and spaces based on local needs, which will influence the quality of functional spaces. The Salinger house which is a unique symbol of Malaysian vernacular architecture has been selected as a single case study for this research. The data which will be collected from direct observation will be analyzed through pattern matching to corroborate with literature findings. The study is limited to vernacular architectural features of Malaysia which can be utilized for contemporary residential functional spaces during the design process. This research contributes toward the identification of vernacular architectural features that could be integrated successfully in the design process. Hence, the integration of these vernacular architectural aspects during the design process will influence the quality of functional spaces. Correspondingly, functional spaces will be intertwined with vernacular functional spatial features that will address the local needs in terms of their vernacular features.

Keywords: Vernacular Architecture, Vernacular Architectural Features, Functional Spaces, Kampong House

International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp.137-152. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.209MB).

Dr. AmirHosein GhaffarianHoseini

Researcher / Masters Student, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Design and Architecture, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serikembangan, Selangor, Malaysia

AMIRHOSEIN GHAFFARIAN HOSEINI has come from a background as an Architect; Amirhosein has been a practicing architect since 2005 and a researcher from 2006. His interests in research have always involved the design studies in architecture and the interdisciplinary of architectural heritage, vernacular architecture and socio-cultural issues. Amirhosein’s talent and commitment in research became obvious early on since his research studies when he won the NSF Award and Fee waiver grant for couple of papers. Amirhosein entered UPM (University Putra Malaysia, 2006) to continue his studies in Master of architecture at a prestigious and academically accredited level while holding a Bachelor of Science certificate in architectural engineering (B sc, 2006). He is now continuing his professional carrier at a Master level as a researcher in the specialization of vernacular architecture. Amirhosein’s research interests include: Research Expertise | Academician 2006 – 2009 Description: Vernacular Architecture, Architectural Heritage and Regional Investigations Design Studies and Art Socio-Cultural and Environmental Studies in Design Housing Studies

Mohd Nasir Baharuddin

Senior Lecturer, Department of Architecture, University Putra Malaysia, Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia

Mohd Nasir Baharuddin. A Masters of Fine Art graduate from Savannah College of Art and Design, Georgia, U.S.A., Mohd Nasir has involved many exhibitions either at national or international level. He has taught art and design at various colleges and universities, and as an art director for the Gallery Shah Alam, Selangor, before joining Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). He is an art critic and writer for an art magazine and journal. Currently he is a senior lecturer at Architecture Department, Faculty of Design and Architecture that emphasizes socio-culture environment and visual culture study and the Programme Coordinator for the Theory and History of Knowledge in Design for graduate student. Mohd Nasir received many awards in art competitions and collaborative art projects. His current research interests include developing theories and to develop between consciousness and communication systems into systemic meaning that benefited in our lifecycle. It emphasis the whole process of perception and self description about ‘form’ that reflect within the first or second order of observation. It addresses the texts and medium as message of meaning and information, where the information that produced will accumulate a reflective understanding and variety of meaning operation, in conveying to society.

Dr. Rahinah Ibrahim

Associate Professor/Deputy Dean, Faculty of Design and Architecture, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahinah Ibrahim received her Ph.D. degree in Construction Engineering and Management from Stanford University. A Masters of Architecture graduate from SCI-ARC, U.S.A., Dr. Rahinah has extensive project management and architectural practice experience in hospitality development and large-scaled residential projects before joining Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). As the Architecture Programme Coordinator, she led the establishment of UPM’s architecture program that emphasizes socio-culture and sustainable architecture. Dr. Rahinah is one of the patent-holders for Putra Block, a Gold Medal winner at the International Exhibition of Invention 2001 in Geneva, and has received several scholarship and travel awards throughout her career. At Stanford University, she worked alongside renowned scholars from several American universities in the fields of knowledge flow dynamics, communication, and organization where she established the Discontinuity in Organisations theory for describing the knowledge losses phenomenon in complex work processes. Her current research interests include developing theories and applications for enhancing the movement of knowledge in complex design and construction processes.

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