Art: An Integrated Part of Built Environment: Case Study of Kashan Residential Quarters’ Centers

By Zahra Ahari and Fatemeh Goldar.

Published by The Arts Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

A residential quarter (mahallih) center in a traditional city of Iran acts as a mediator between the city center and home, a mediator between social life and private life of human beings, where he enters it after leaving family circle. As a mahallih center has a direct relation with public life, it can be a step for manifestation of art in society. The mahalleh centers in traditional city of Kashan, Iran, are good examples of how art can be combined with the built environment and become an integrated part of it. A mahalleh center is usually located in the middle of the residential quarter and has a mosque, a bath, hoseynieh, stores, in some cases ab-anbar (water reservoir) and other public facilities around main passageway. Its architecture and related arts (paintings, wall decoration, sculptural features, etc.) play an important role in making it a place to be loved and remembered.Architectural characteristics like simplicity/complexity, unity/plurality and territoriality enrich spatial experiences and provide lively frameworks for spatial events. The mahallih centre is a place where neighbours gather together and make their collective memories especially in rites and ceremonies. In this paper on the basis of a field research the physical and spatial characteristics of the quarters’ centers are being analyzed. It is shown how architecture and its related arts can change a simple road to be one of the most memorable places in human’s social life.

Keywords: Kashan, Art, Architecture, Residential Quarter Center, Public Place, Collective Memory

International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp.71-94. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.203MB).

Dr. Zahra Ahari

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture, Shahid Beheshty University, Tehran, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

zahra ahari is an assistant professor at the faculty of architecture, Shahid Beheshty University, Tehran, Iran. She has a MS in Architecture and a PhD in Urban Planning from Tehran University.Her research interests are in housing, urban design and history of architecture and urbanism. She has published several books and papers in these fields. Her special field of study during last ten years has been architecture and urban design of iranian cities and she has published three books on the language of urban design in Isfahan of Safavid Empire.

Fatemeh Goldar

Graduate Student, Faculty of Architecture, Shahid Beheshty University, Tehran, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

BS in architecture, faculty of architecture, kashan university. MS in Iranian Architectural Studies, Faculty of Architecture, Shahid Beheshty University. PhD. student at the Faculty of Architecture, Shahid Beheshty University.

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