Transfiguration of Goat Designs in the Ancient Persia

By Mahsa Behnood, Shanthi Balraj Baboo, Izmer Ahmad and Effatolsadat Afzaltousi.

Published by The Arts Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In the present investigation, 60 motives of Goat have been studied. The study covers a period from pre-history Iran to Sassanid dynasty. Attraction to Naturalism is an indicative realistic method in the ancient Iran. The stylized Goat motives, were, often appear standing, motionless, and having exaggerated horns. Also, the shallow, parallel, regular and direct lines or scratches have been used to distinguish the wild animals from the tame ones. In that era, Goat was considered as God of species found in mythology at the beginning of history there was a tendency to move from natural forma and existence of unforeseen elements to the abstract, stylized and naturalistic ones. In the era, Goat has had a ritual and decorative function. In this period there has been deep inclination toward realism, the emphasis on the movement and details of the object. In the era people followed Zoroastrianism as the formal religion of the kingdom, so, Goat lost its mythical function and accepted a decorative, social, and propaganda role.

Keywords: Motif, Naturalism, Stylized, Mythology, Ancient Iran

International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.63-76. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.976MB).

Mahsa Behnood

PhD Student, Department of Graphic Design, School of Art, University of science Malaysia (USM) Penang, NIBONG TEBAL, Penang, Malaysia

Mahsa holds a B.A. in Graphic from the Faculty of Art at the Shariati University, Tehran, Iran, in 2003. His primary areas of research include application of ancient design especially the animal figures in modern utilization. Mahsa continued her studies in the field of Graphic by focusing on ancient Persia. She received an M.A. degree in Graphic design from Azzahra University, Tehran, in 2007. 1n 2009, Mahsa have Started her PhD degree on geometric analysis of abstract animal and human motives in proto-Elamite era, Persia, at Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, under the supervision of associated professor Shanti Balraj Baboo and co-supervision of Dr Izmer Ahmad. Previous positions include work as a guest lecturer in the Department of Art and Architecture at Gorgan Azad University, Aliabad Azad University and as an instructor at Art Junior College of Maedeh, Gorgan, Iran. She also was responsible for some exhibitions take placed at the Fakhrodin Asad Gorgani Gallery, Golestan province, Iran. In 2008, Mahsa received the special award for her sign design from education organisation of Golestan Province, Iran. In 2010 she gained a PhD Postgraduate Fellowship from institute of postgraduate studies (IPS) in at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).

Shanthi Balraj Baboo

Associated Professor, Design Department, School of Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, Penang, Penang, Malaysia

Associated Professor, Design department, School of Art,, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, Malaysia

Izmer Ahmad

Senior Lecturer, School of Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, penang, Penang, Malaysia

Senior Lecturer, Fine Arts department, School of art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Effatolsadat Afzaltousi

Associated professor, Graphic Department, Azzahra University, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Associated Professor, Graphic Department, School of Art, Azzahra University, Iran.

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