Transfiguration of Goat Designs in the Ancient Persia
In the present investigation, 60 motives of Goat have been studied. The study covers a period from pre-history Iran to Sassanid dynasty. Attraction to Naturalism is an indicative realistic method in the ancient Iran. The stylized Goat motives, were, often appear standing, motionless, and having exaggerated horns. Also, the shallow, parallel, regular and direct lines or scratches have been used to distinguish the wild animals from the tame ones. In that era, Goat was considered as God of species found in mythology at the beginning of history there was a tendency to move from natural forma and existence of unforeseen elements to the abstract, stylized and naturalistic ones. In the era, Goat has had a ritual and decorative function. In this period there has been deep inclination toward realism, the emphasis on the movement and details of the object. In the era people followed Zoroastrianism as the formal religion of the kingdom, so, Goat lost its mythical function and accepted a decorative, social, and propaganda role.
||Motif, Naturalism, Stylized, Mythology, Ancient Iran
International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.63-76.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.976MB).
PhD Student, Department of Graphic Design, School of Art, University of science Malaysia (USM) Penang, NIBONG TEBAL, Penang, Malaysia
Mahsa holds a B.A. in Graphic from the Faculty of Art at the
Shariati University, Tehran, Iran, in 2003. His primary
areas of research include application of ancient design
especially the animal figures in modern utilization. Mahsa
continued her studies in the field of Graphic by focusing on
ancient Persia. She received an M.A. degree in Graphic
design from Azzahra University, Tehran, in 2007. 1n 2009,
Mahsa have Started her PhD degree on geometric analysis of
abstract animal and human motives in proto-Elamite era,
Persia, at Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, under the
supervision of associated professor Shanti Balraj Baboo and
co-supervision of Dr Izmer Ahmad. Previous positions include
work as a guest lecturer in the Department of Art and
Architecture at Gorgan Azad University, Aliabad Azad
University and as an instructor at Art Junior College of
Maedeh, Gorgan, Iran. She also was responsible for some
exhibitions take placed at the Fakhrodin Asad Gorgani
Gallery, Golestan province, Iran. In 2008, Mahsa received
the special award for her sign design from education
organisation of Golestan Province, Iran. In 2010 she gained
a PhD Postgraduate Fellowship from institute of postgraduate
studies (IPS) in at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).
Associated Professor, Design Department, School of Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, Penang, Penang, Malaysia
Associated Professor, Design department, School of Art,, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, Malaysia
Senior Lecturer, School of Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, penang, Penang, Malaysia
Senior Lecturer, Fine Arts department, School of art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, Penang, Malaysia
Associated professor, Graphic Department, Azzahra University, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Associated Professor, Graphic Department, School of Art, Azzahra University, Iran.
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