Composing Music Based on Batak Folklore: “VIO” Monologue Opera

By Junita Batubara.

Published by The Arts Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of this paper is to explain the pattern of composing music based on Batak folklore in opera that is a work in terms of scale, structure; the material is taken from what has been developed in the tradition of Batak Toba community along with various myths and legends that developed. These materials are expressed in a show called opera Batak Toba. In the 1920s, the emergence of opera Batak shaped the phenomenon of urban art. This art is Batak Toba community response to a form of theatre of royalty from Malaysia. The discussion in this paper is to make music based on the Batak folklore in a Batak opera that uses music ensemble with the opera uning-uningan opera Batak. Uning-uningan opera Batak (sounds of musical instruments) using the tools of traditional music: sulim hasapi, sarune etek, taganing, Gordang, garantung. And includes a vocal song from traditional Batak Toba as ende (songs) and andung (lamentation). In 2005 Uning-uningan opera Batak was developed in a monologue opera with the title is VIO, the structure of musical traditional instruments collaboration with western music insturments: flute, violin, oboe, Clarinet, guitar, timpani, percussion. The opera title VIO provides new ideas in a musical composition that is descriptive, narrative and philosophical based on folklore in Batak Toba society. Also itprovides creative ideas in the organization who consider the structure of the sound of melody, harmony, rhythm, dynamic, motif, and textures.

Keywords: Batak Toba Folklore, Creating New Music, Monologue Opera, Structure, Material of Musical Traditional, Western Music Instruments

International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.275-286. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.295MB).

Junita Batubara

PhD Student, Department School of Arts , School of Arts in Music, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Georgetown, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

Junita Batubara has a Master in music composition (Institute Seni Indonesia/ISI) and a Bachelor in music composition (HKBP Nommensen University/Medan, Indonesia. She has experience in writing composition such as “Busisaon”(Duet flute and guitar); YCMF Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2009; “Haholonganku” (for vocal, piano and flute)/USM,Malaysia, 2009; “Dream a Dream” (percussion and songs for the children special needs/down syndrome) DISTEG,Malaysia, 2009; and “Midnight” (Ensamble percussion with dance performance) USM,Malaysia, 2008. Junita has been a speaker in National Seminar Management Church music, DEPAG, Indonesia, 2006 and served as a Director in National Seminar and Workshop the New Composition, TBSU, Medan, Indonesia, 2007. Junita Batubara, lecturer at HKBP Nommensen University Medan North Sumatera. The opera was performed on 30 July 2005.


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