Breaking through the “Glass Ceiling”: Gender and Arts Leaders in Vietnam
Despite gender equality being officially advocated in the Vietnamese government constitution, the percentage of women as head or deputy head of government departments has fallen over the last ten years (Truong, 2008). Given that women participate and contribute to all areas of life and work, the percentage of women in key leadership positions on people’s committees (approximately 10 percent), remained low over the past twenty years. Not surprisingly, then in the arts sector in Vietnam, male leadership is a dominant trend. This is a trend that is also seen in Australian arts upper management, but female leadership (in middle and upper management) is much more common in Australia than Vietnam. Specifically, it is observed that women in upper level management in many art-forms are underrepresented in the arts sector in Vietnam. This paper sets out to provide a snapshot of gender equality in the arts sector in Vietnam. In a review of the literature, we identify the gap in women's leadership in the arts. We aims to explore constraints to female’s career advancement and progression in arts management and to discuss theoretical perspectives behind these constraints in the current context of economic and cultural globalisation in Vietnam.
||Gender, Women, Leadership, Arts Management, Career Advancement, Vietnam
International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.1-14.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
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Lecturer, School of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Business and Law, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
(PhD, University of Sydney) is a Lecturer in Management at the School of Management and Marketing, Deakin University. She has taught and conducted research at universities in Australia and institutions in Vietnam. Her research interests include cross-cultural research in arts management, arts marketing, audience development, tourism marketing, gender and leadership, and arts entrepreneurship. Her research has been published internationally in a number of journals and in chapters in edited books such as Museum Marketing, and Tourist Satisfaction and Complaining Behavior.
Professor, Arts and Entertainment Management, School of Management and Marketing , Faculty of Business and Law, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
(PhD, Monash) holds the Chair in Arts and Entertainment Management, School of Management and Marketing, Deakin University. Her special interest is in diversity, including publications on diversity management, the Aboriginal art market and women in management and the arts. She is widely published and has undertaken research projects with the Department of Planning and Community Development, the Australia Council, the Office of Multicultural Interests in WA, and the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Studies. Ruth is deputy chair of the board of Multicultural Arts Victoria.
Professor of Entrepreneurship Education, School of Management and Marketing, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
PhD International Relations (American U), MA Broadcasting (San Francisco State U), BA German Intellectual History (Stanford U). Professor Frederick holds the Chair of Entrepreneurship Education at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. He is known particularly for the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor New Zealand reports and for Entrepreneurship: Theory, Practice and Process, Asia-Pacific edition (with Donald F Kuratko of Indiana University). The book received an Australian Award for Excellence in Educational Publishing. Today, Howard is pioneering the new field of Entrepreneurial Ecology, or Sustainable Entrepreneurship. One of Howard’s specialisations is the training of teachers who teach entrepreneurs.
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