(re)Presenting Precedents: A Convergence of Art and Architecture

By Gregory Marinic.

Published by The Arts Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Throughout time, architects have used various art-based means to convey their conceptual ideas about space-making. These techniques have included hand-sketching, collage, materials assemblage, and physical study models, as well as technically-focused conventions such as drafting and rendering. More recently, many of these methods have undergone unprecedented change through the emergence of computational and fabrication technologies that have transformed the design process, as well as the act of making itself. In this contemporary context, graphic visualization and hand-generated physical modeling techniques must be carefully reconsidered to address their role within the prevailing framework of architectural representation. As visualization and digital fabrication have become central concerns in architectural education, the role of history in architecture curricula has become a subject of focused debate. Current discourse reflects increased criticism of the relevance and delivery of historical precedent, however emerging digital processes may be effectively re-informed by an alternative engagement with architectural history. In doing so, an increasingly digital and trans-disciplinary design process may be positioned within deeper historical, social, and cultural contexts.

This paper revisits the teaching of precedent and traditional acts of making in the undergraduate architectural design studio. The various studio projects presented here introduced students to historical precedents through art-based processes of visual representation and physical model-building. More specifically, the paper cast its lens on reinterpreting canonical buildings and classical literature through three mediums: the analytique—a scalar compilation composed of an arrangement of drawings including plan, section, site, and details; the interpretive collage, and the handmade architect’s model. The endeavors presented here attempted to redefine the role and contemporary delivery of these mediums, while simultaneously reinforcing their timeless relevance. This research postulates that history and theory can be integrated into the design studio context, and thus, more effectively taught outside of dedicated courses.

Keywords: Architecture, Art, Classical Literature, Film, History, Technique, Precedent, Model, Materials, Time, Space, Place, Memory

International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp.165-184. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 14.258MB).

Prof. Gregory Marinic

Lecturer/Visiting Assistant Professor/Director-Curator, Department of Architectural Technology, and School of Art and Design, and Director-Curator, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA

Gregory Marinic is Director of Interior Architecture and Assistant Professor in the Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture at the University of Houston. His previous teaching experience includes undergraduate/graduate design studios and directed research at Pratt Institute, the City University of New York, and the Universidad de Monterrey. Gregory is director and co-founder of d3, a New York-based organization committed to advancing innovative positions in art, architecture, and design by providing collaborative opportunities for artists, architects, designers, and students worldwide. He is principal of Archipelago, a New York- and Houston-based architectural practice engaged in design, research, teaching, and experimentation. Prior to independent practice, Gregory worked in the New York and London offices of Rafael Viñoly Architects on academic, performing arts, residential, master planning, and by-invitation international competition design teams. Gregory’s portfolio includes AIA and RIBA award-winning work undertaken at Rafael Viñoly, Yoshihara McKee, and ABS Architects. He holds a Master of Architecture degree from the University of Maryland, where he was the recipient of the Leonard Dressel Scholarship, Jack Kerxton Scholarship, and the School of Architecture Thesis Citation. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Geography/Urban Studies and Certificate of Latin American Studies from Ohio University. Gregory currently serves as assistant director of AIA Forward journal and editor of the International Journal of the Arts in Society, Design Principles and Practices, IDEC News, and d3: dialog. His recent publications include Design Issues (MIT Press), International Journal of Architectural Research (MIT Press), Design Principles and Practices, International Journal of the Arts in Society, Faith and Form Journal, and various publications of Seoul-based Damdi Architecture Publishing Ltd. and the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture.

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