Reconstructing Private Memory of Dictatorship in Chilean Contemporary Documentaries: An Intimate View of History in the First Person

By María José Bello.

Published by The Arts Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Since the military putsch of September 1973, Chilean cinema has had an important role on the preservation of memory about dictatorship. It has counteract-from alternative circuits- the silence of the mass media. Some of the foundational films of these period were the documentary trilogy The Battle of Chile (1975, 1976, 1979) and the feature movie It rains over Santiago (1975) from Helvio Soto, finished in exile. These films told “the big history” and had a political engagement. Today there is a new generation of young directors that deals with memory through an autobiographical point of view: Mi life with Carlos (2009) by Germán Berger; The Chilean building (2010) by Macarena Aguiló and The echo of songs (2010) by Antonia Rossi belong to this style of intimate representation. Family memories in super 8, 16 mm, video, as well as photographs, children drawings and letters are part of the materials that compose those narrations told in the first person. They are a sort of identity reconstruction pocess of the filmmakers that were young and indirect victimes of the political system.

Keywords: Dictatorship, Chilean Documentary, Subjectivity, Identity Reconstruction, Personal History, Autobiographical Films

International Journal of the Arts in Society, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.121-126. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 594.826KB).

María José Bello

PHD Student, Facultad de Bellas Artes, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

She was born in 1982 in Valdivia, Chile. She studied journalism at the Ponitificia Universidad Católica de Chile. In 2007 she moved to France where she studied a master in the École Supérieure d’Audiovisuel de Toulouse. She has worked as documentary programmer at the Rencontres Cinemas d’Amérique Latine and as short-film programmer in the film festival Cinespaña in Toulouse. At the end of 2010 she started the PHD programm in Visual Arts and Education at the Universitat de Barcelona.


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