Politics, culture, and community collide in social centers and independent cultural centers throughout Italy and Europe. Together these eclectic arts spaces shape and foster contemporary art, arts practices, and artists in all its various disciplinary forms. The current study presents the preliminary observations of a two-phase project for policy makers, artists, and managers. Social centers and independent cultural centers significantly reduce fixed costs through squatting, receiving donated, recycled or found production or capital equipment, and relying on volunteers for management. They also diversify revenue streams through multi-disciplinary art offerings and multi-purpose spaces, in which non-cultural events such as rentals or yoga occur. Finally, social centers and independent cultural centers show high entrepreneurial activity in incubating and fostering new art and audiences, such as Hip-Hop, street art, or squat art. By activating non- or under-utilized buildings in ex-industrialized areas, they may also take part in mechanisms of urban renewal.
|Keywords:||Sustainability, Entrepreneurism, Prosumption, Cultural Policy, Cultural Management, Arts Management, Economics, Creative Industries, Squats, Social Centers, Independent Cultural Centers, Urban Social Movements|
Graduate Student, Masters in Innovation and Organization of Culture and the Arts, School of Economics, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Graduate Student, School of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy
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